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Lucas Oliveira

MEDITAÇÃO VIPASSANA: A arte de viver segundo S.N. Goenka

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What was the innovation of Siddhartha Gautama?

Pergunta:

As we know, Siddhartha Gautama had two teachers Alara(Arada) Kalama and Udraka Ramaputra.
But he surpassed them. 
What essentially new did Siddhartha Gautama bring into his yogic practice that allowed him to become a Buddha?

Resposta:

The Buddha discovered the process of vipassana which, rather than just suppressing the fetters, eradicates them:

abhiññá: The 6 'higher powers', or supernormal knowledge's, consist of 5 mundane (lokiya, q.v.) powers attainable through the utmost perfection in mental concentration (samádhi, q.v.) and one supermundane (lokuttara, q.v.) power attainable through penetrating insight (vipassaná, q.v.), i.e. extinction of all cankers (ásavakkhaya; s. ásava), in other words, realization of Arahatship or Holiness. 
[…]
(6) "Through the extinction of all cankers (ásavakkhaya) even in this very life he enters into the possession of deliverance of mind, deliverance through wisdom, after having himself understood and realized it.''
4-6 appear frequently under the name of the 'threefold (higher) knowledge' (te-vijjá, q.v.). They are, however, not a necessary condition for the attainment of sainthood (arahatta), i.e. of the sixth abhiññá.---"Buddhist Dictionary", Nyanatiloka

https://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=32257

 

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